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Nader Samaan

Nader Samaan

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352

Biography

Nader Samaan is a staff power systems research engineer and a team lead for the Grid Analytics team within the Electricity Infrastructure Group at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). He has been performing research in the areas of renewables integration, transmission planning, production cost modeling, and cascading outage analysis at PNNL since 2009. He is PI/PM for SuNLaMP project developing planning and operational tools to enable high penetration of distributed PV through the optimization of sub-transmission voltage regulation. He is the PI for the Dynamic Contingency Analysis Tool (DCAT) that introduces a hybrid steady-state and dynamic analysis approach for cascading outage analysis. DCAT has been selected for the prestigious 2018 R&D 100 Awards.

He was PNNL technical lead for several studies that investigate the impact of high distributed PV penetration on the Duke Energy Carolinas and Florida systems. He was the PI/PM for NWPP EIM benefits analysis study. He has been the PI/PM for the WECC VGS balancing authorities cooperation study. He was involved in several other projects such as, developing an approach for predicting regulation reserve requirements for CAISO in the day-ahead time frame.

Prior to joining PNNL he has worked in EnerNex corp., Knoxville, TN as a power systems engineer for four years. He performed wind integration studies, harmonics and transient analysis for wind power plants, and wind turbine dynamics molding. Prior to that, he was a visiting assistant professor at the department of electrical and computer engineering, Kansas State University during the academic year 2004-05.

Dr. Samaan is a registered professional engineer in the state of Ohio, a senior member of IEEE Power Engineering Society. He is a member of WECC Data Subcommittee. He has published more than ninety technical papers and reports. He obtained his PhD degree from Texas A&M University in 2004, in the area of power system reliability analysis.

Education and Credentials

  • Ph.D. Electrical Engineering, Texas A&M University
  • M.S. Electrical Engineering, University of Alexandria, Egypt
  • B.S. Electrical Engineering -Power Systems, University of Alexandria, Egypt

Affiliations and Professional Service

  • CIGRE
  • IEEE PES

PNNL Publications

2019

  • Ke X., N.A. Samaan, J.T. Holzer, R. Huang, B. Vyakaranam, M.R. Vallem, and M.A. Elizondo, et al. 2019. "Coordinative Real-time Sub-Transmission Volt-VAr Control for Reactive Power Regulation between Transmission and Distribution Systems." IET Generation, Transmission and Distribution 13, no. 11:2006-2014. PNNL-SA-135462. doi:10.1049/iet-gtd.2018.5850
  • Nguyen Q., H. Padullaparti, K. Lao, S. Santoso, X. Ke, and N.A. Samaan. 2019. "Exact Optimal Power Dispatch in Unbalanced Distribution Systems with High PV Penetration." IEEE Transactions on Power Systems 34, no. 1:718-728. PNNL-SA-137706. doi:10.1109/TPWRS.2018.2869195
  • Sundar K., M.R. Vallem, R. Bent, N.A. Samaan, B. Vyakaranam, and Y.V. Makarov. 2019. "N-k Failure Analysis Algorithm for Identification of Extreme Events for Cascading Outage Pre-screening process." In Proceedings of the IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting (PESGM 2019). August 4-8, 2019, Atlanta, GA. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-139488. doi:10.1109/PESGM40551.2019.8973425
  • Vyakaranam B., N.A. Samaan, X. Li, R. Huang, Y. Chen, M.R. Vallem, and T.B. Nguyen, et al. 2019. Dynamic Contingency Analysis Tool 2.0 User Manual with Test System Examples. PNNL-29105. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Dynamic Contingency Analysis Tool 2.0 User Manual with Test System Examples

2018

  • Berscheid A.P., Y.V. Makarov, Z. Hou, R. Diao, Y. Zhang, N.A. Samaan, and Y. Yuan, et al. 2018. "An Open-Source Tool for Automated Power Grid Stress Level Prediction at Balancing Authorities." In IEEE/PES Transmission and Distribution Conference and Exposition (T&D), April 16-19, 2018, Denver, CO. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-128564. doi:10.1109/TDC.2018.8440330
  • Reiman A.P., T.E. McDermott, N.A. Samaan, B. Werts, and G.T. Smedley. 2018. "A Data-Driven Approach to Dynamic Var Compensator Placement for Local Voltage Stabilization on Feeders with High PV Penetration." In IEEE International Conference on Probabilistic Methods Applied to Power Systems (PMAPS 2018), June 24-28, 2018, Boise, ID, 1-6. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-131811. doi:10.1109/PMAPS.2018.8440332
  • Vallem M.R., B. Vyakaranam, R. Tipireddy, J.T. Holzer, Y.V. Makarov, and N.A. Samaan. 2018. "Stochastic correlation analysis to rank the impact of intermittent wind generation on unreliability margins of power systems." In IEEE International Conference on Probabilistic Methods Applied to Power Systems (PMAPS 2018), June 24-28, 2018, Boise, ID, 1-6. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-132156. doi:10.1109/PMAPS.2018.8440541
  • Wang J., X. Zhu, D.L. Lubkeman, N. Lu, N.A. Samaan, and B. Werts. 2018. "Load Aggregation Methods for Quasi-Static Power Flow Analysis on High PV Penetration Feeders." In IEEE/PES Transmission and Distribution Conference and Exposition (T&D 2018), April 16-19, 2018, Denver, CO, 1-5. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-131253. doi:10.1109/TDC.2018.8440485
  • Zhu X., J. Wang, N. Lu, N.A. Samaan, R. Huang, and X. Ke. 2018. "A Hierarchical VLSM-Based Demand Response Strategy for Coordinative Voltage Control between Transmission and Distribution Systems." IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid 10, no. 5:4838-4847. PNNL-SA-137211. doi:10.1109/TSG.2018.2869367

2017

  • Elizondo M.A., N.A. Samaan, Y.V. Makarov, J.T. Holzer, M.R. Vallem, R. Huang, and B. Vyakaranam, et al. 2017. "Literature Survey on Operational Voltage Control and Reactive Power Management on Transmission and Sub-Transmission Networks." In IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting, July 16-20, 2017, Chicago, Illinois, 1 - 5. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-122266. doi:10.1109/PESGM.2017.8274068
  • Huang Q., B. Vyakaranam, R. Diao, Y.V. Makarov, N.A. Samaan, M.R. Vallem, and E. Pajuelo. 2017. "Modeling Zone-3 Protection with Generic Relay Models for Dynamic Contingency Analysis." In IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting, July 16-20, 2017, Chicago, Illinois., 1 - 5. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-122264. doi:10.1109/PESGM.2017.8274534
  • Ke X., R. Huang, M.R. Vallem, J.T. Holzer, N.A. Samaan, Y.V. Makarov, and M.A. Elizondo, et al. 2017. "A Three-Stage Enhanced Reactive Power and Voltage Optimization Method for High Penetration of Solar." In IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting, July 16-20, 2017, Chicago, Illinois, 1 - 5. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-122262. doi:10.1109/PESGM.2017.8274312
  • Samaan N.A., J.E. Dagle, Y.V. Makarov, R. Diao, B. Vyakaranam, B.N. Zhang, and M.R. Vallem, et al. 2017. Dynamic Contingency Analysis Tool (DCAT) User Manual with Test System Examples. PNNL-26197. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Dynamic Contingency Analysis Tool (DCAT) User Manual with Test System Examples
  • Samaan N.A., Y.V. Makarov, T.B. Nguyen, and R. Diao. 2017. "Balancing Authority Cooperation Concepts to Reduce Variable Generation Integration Costs in the Western Interconnection: Consolidating Balancing Authorities and Sharing Balancing Reserves." In Integration of Large-Scale Renewable Energy into Bulk Power Systems, edited by P Du, R Baldick and A Tuohy. 189-226. Cham:Springer International Publishing. PNNL-SA-126264. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-55581-2_6
  • Vallem M.R., B. Vyakaranam, J.T. Holzer, M.A. Elizondo, and N.A. Samaan. 2017. "Power System Decomposition for Practical Implementation of Bulk-Grid Voltage Control Methods." In 19th International conference on Intelligent system Applications to Power Systems (ISAP 2017), September 17-20, 2017, San Antonio, Texas. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-127147. doi:10.1109/ISAP.2017.8071378
  • Vallem M.R., B. Vyakaranam, J.T. Holzer, N.A. Samaan, Y.V. Makarov, R. Diao, and Q. Huang, et al. 2017. "Hybrid Cascading Outage Analysis of Extreme Events with Optimized Corrective Actions." In 19th International Conference on Intelligent Systems Application to Power Systems (ISAP 2017), September 17-20, 2017, San Antonio, Texas. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-125367. doi:10.1109/isap.2017.8071375
  • Wang J., X. Zhu, D.L. Lubkeman, N. Lu, and N.A. Samaan. 2017. "Continuation Power Flow Analysis for PV Integration Studies at Distribution Feeders." In Power and Energy Society Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference (ISGT 2017), April 23-26, 2017, Washington DC. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-127635. doi:10.1109/ISGT.2017.8086036
  • Zhu X., J. Wang, D. Mulcahy, D.L. Lubkeman, N. Lu, N.A. Samaan, and R. Huang. 2017. "Voltage-Load Sensitivity Matrix Based Demand Response for Voltage Control in High Solar Penetration Distribution Feeders." In IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting, July 16-20, 2017, Chicago, Illinois, 1-5. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-126617. doi:10.1109/PESGM.2017.8273887

2016

  • Elizondo M.A., M.R. Vallem, N.A. Samaan, Y.V. Makarov, B. Vyakaranam, T.B. Nguyen, and C. Munoz, et al. 2016. "Transmission Reinforcements in the Central American Regional Power System." In IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting (PESGM 2016), July 17-21, 2016, Boston, MA. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-112470. doi:10.1109/PESGM.2016.7742055
  • Samaan N.A., J.E. Dagle, Y.V. Makarov, R. Diao, M.R. Vallem, T.B. Nguyen, and L.E. Miller, et al. 2016. "Modeling of Protection in Dynamic Simulation Using Generic Relay Models and Settings." In IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting (PESGM 2016), July 17-21, 2016, Boston, MA. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-114479. doi:10.1109/PESGM.2016.7741981
  • Sun Y., Z. Hou, D. Meng, N.A. Samaan, Y.V. Makarov, and Z. Huang. 2016. "Quantifying and Reducing Uncertainty in Correlated Multi-Area Short-Term Load Forecasting." In IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting (PESGM 2016), July 17-21, 2016, Boston, MA. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-114275. doi:10.1109/PESGM.2016.7741272

2015

  • Makarov Y.V., R. Diao, P.V. Etingov, Z. Hou, Z. Huang, D. Meng, and L.E. Miller, et al. 2015. Stochastic Operations and Planning. PNNL-23680. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Stochastic Operations and Planning
  • Samaan N.A., J.E. Dagle, Y.V. Makarov, R. Diao, M.R. Vallem, T.B. Nguyen, and L.E. Miller, et al. 2015. Dynamic Contingency Analysis Tool - Phase 1. PNNL-24843. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Dynamic Contingency Analysis Tool - Phase 1
  • Samaan N.A., M. Milligan, M. Hunsaker, and T. Guo. 2015. "Three-Stage Production Cost Modeling Approach for Evaluating the Benefits of Intra-Hour Scheduling between Balancing Authorities." In IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting, July 26-30, 2015, Denver, Colorado, 1-5. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-106994. doi:10.1109/PESGM.2015.7286647

2014

  • Diao R., Y.V. Makarov, N.A. Samaan, and B. Kujala. 2014. "A Methodology to Analyze the Impact of 30-Minute Wind Scheduling on Load-Following Requirements." In Proceedings of the 2nd IEEE Conference on Technologies for Sustainability (SusTech), July 24-26, 2015, Portland, Oregon, 86-90. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-100027. doi:10.1109/SusTech.2014.7046224
  • Hafen R.P., N.A. Samaan, Y.V. Makarov, R. Diao, and N. Lu. 2014. "Joint Seasonal ARMA Approach for Modeling of Load Forecast Errors in Planning Studies." In IEEE PES Transmission and Distribution Conference and Exposition, April 14-17, 2014, Chicago, Illinois. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-98247. doi:10.1109/TDC.2014.6863150
  • Hou Z., P.V. Etingov, Y.V. Makarov, and N.A. Samaan. 2014. "Uncertainty Reduction in Power Generation Forecast Using Coupled Wavelet-ARIMA." In IEEE PES General Meeting, Conference & Exposition, July 27-31, 2014, National Harbor, MD. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-99910.
  • Lu S., N.A. Samaan, D. Meng, F.S. Chassin, Y. Zhang, B. Vyakaranam, and W.M. Warwick, et al. 2014. Duke Energy Photovoltaic Integration Study: Carolinas Service Areas. PNNL-23226. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Duke Energy Photovoltaic Integration Study: Carolinas Service Areas
  • Lu S., R. Diao, N.A. Samaan, and P.V. Etingov. 2014. Capacity Value of PV and Wind Generation in the NV Energy System. PNNL-22117. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Capacity Value of PV and Wind Generation in the NV Energy System
  • Nguyen T.B., N.A. Samaan, and C. Jin. 2014. "Evaluation of Production Cost Savings from Consolidation of Balancing Authorities in the US Western Interconnection under High Wind and Solar Penetration." In Proceedings of the 2nd IEEE Conference on Technologies for Sustainability (SusTech), July 24-26, 2014, Portland, Oregon, 9-14. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-99913. doi:10.1109/SusTech.2014.7046210

2013

  • Ellison J.F., D. Bhatnagar, N.A. Samaan, and C. Jin. 2013. NV Energy Electricity Storage Valuation. PNNL-22546. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. NV Energy Electricity Storage Valuation
  • Etingov P.V., Y.V. Makarov, N.A. Samaan, J. Ma, and C. Loutan. 2013. "Prediction of Regulation Reserve Requirements in California ISO Control Area based on BAAL Standard." In 2013 IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting (PES), 1-5. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-92541. doi:10.1109/PESMG.2013.6672633
  • Hou Z., Y.V. Makarov, N.A. Samaan, and P.V. Etingov. 2013. "Standardized Software for Wind Load Forecast Error Analyses and Predictions Based on Wavelet-ARIMA Models - Applications at Multiple Geographically Distributed Wind Farms." In Proceedings of the 46th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS), January 7-10, 2013, Wailea, Hawaii, edited by RH Sprague, Jr., 5005-5011. Los Alamitos, California:IEEE Computer Society. PNNL-SA-88799.
  • Lu N., R. Diao, R.P. Hafen, N.A. Samaan, and Y.V. Makarov. 2013. "A Comparison of Forecast Error Generators for Modeling Wind and Load Uncertainty." In IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting (PES 2013), July 21-25, 2013, Vancouver, BC, Canada. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-84438. doi:10.1109/PESMG.2013.6672978
  • Lu S., P.V. Etingov, D. Meng, X. Guo, C. Jin, and N.A. Samaan. 2013. NV Energy Large-Scale Photovoltaic Integration Study: Intra-Hour Dispatch and AGC Simulation. PNNL-22069. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. NV Energy Large-Scale Photovoltaic Integration Study: Intra-Hour Dispatch and AGC Simulation
  • Samaan N.A., R. Bayless, M. Symonds, T.B. Nguyen, C. Jin, D. Wu, and R. Diao, et al. 2013. Analysis of Benefits of an Energy Imbalance Market in the NWPP. PNNL-22877. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Analysis of Benefits of an Energy Imbalance Market in the NWPP

2012

  • Diao R., S. Lu, M.A. Elizondo, E.T. Mayhorn, Y. Zhang, and N.A. Samaan. 2012. "Electric Water Heater Modeling and Control Strategies for Demand Response." In Proceedings of the IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, July 22-26, 2012, San Diego, California. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-82958. doi:10.1109/PESGM.2012.6345632
  • Makarov Y.V., P.V. Etingov, N.A. Samaan, N. Lu, J. Ma, K. Subbarao, and P. Du, et al. 2012. "Improving Performance of Power Systems with Large-scale Variable Generation Additions." In Proceedings of the IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, July 22-26, 2012, San Diego, California. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-84585. doi:10.1109/PESGM.2012.6345430
  • Mayhorn E.T., K. Kalsi, M.A. Elizondo, W. Zhang, S. Lu, N.A. Samaan, and K. Butler-Purry. 2012. "Optimal Control of Distributed Energy Resources using Model Predictive Control." In Proceedigns of the IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting, July 22-26, 2012, San Diego, California. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-84396. doi:10.1109/PESGM.2012.6345596

2011

  • Elizondo M.A., S. Lu, N. Zhou, and N.A. Samaan. 2011. "Model Reduction, Validation, and Calibration of Wind Power Plants for Dynamic Studies." In IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, July 24-28, 2011, Detroit, Michigan. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-76668. doi:10.1109/PES.2011.6039782
  • Keane A., M. Milligan, C. Dent, B. Hasche, C. DAnnunzio, K. Dragoon, and H. Holttinen, et al. 2011. "Capacity Value of Wind Power." IEEE Transactions on Power Systems 26, no. 2:564-572. PNNL-SA-68521. doi:10.1109/TPWRS.2010.2062543
  • Lu S., M.A. Elizondo, N.A. Samaan, K. Kalsi, E.T. Mayhorn, R. Diao, and C. Jin, et al. 2011. "Control Strategies for Distributed Energy Resources to Maximize the Use of Wind Power in Rural Microgrids." In Proceedings of the IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, July 24-29, 2011, Detroit, Michigan. Piscataway, New Jersey:Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. PNNL-SA-76607. doi:10.1109/PES.2011.6039787
  • Lu S., P.V. Etingov, R. Diao, J. Ma, N.A. Samaan, Y.V. Makarov, and X. Guo, et al. 2011. Large-Scale PV Integration Study. PNNL-20677. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Large-Scale PV Integration Study
  • Makarov Y.V., N.A. Samaan, R. Diao, M. Kumbale, Y. Chen, R. Singh, and I. Green, et al. 2011. "Assessment of Critical Events Corridors through Multivariate Cascading Outages Analysis." In IEEE 2011 Power and Energy Society General Meeting, July 24-29, 2011, Detroit, Michigan. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-78197. doi:10.1109/PES.2011.6039900
  • Makarov Y.V., S. Lu, N.A. Samaan, Z. Huang, K. Subbarao, P.V. Etingov, and J. Ma, et al. 2011. "Integration of Uncertainty Information into Power System Operations." In Proceedings of the 2011 IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, July 24-29, 2011, Detroit, Michigan. Piscataway, New Jersey:Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. PNNL-SA-78030. doi:10.1109/PES.2011.6039913
  • Papic M., M. Papic, K. Bell, Y. Chen, I. Dobson, L. Fonte, and E. Haq, et al. 2011. "Survey of Tools for Risk Assessment of Cascading Outages." In IEEE 2011 Power and Energy Society General Meeting, July 24-29, 2011, Detroit, Michigan. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-80153. doi:10.1109/PES.2011.6039371

2010

  • Makarov Y.V., J.F. Reyes Spindola, N.A. Samaan, R. Diao, and R.P. Hafen. 2010. "Wind and Load Forecast Error Model for Multiple Geographically Distributed Forecasts." In Proceedings of the 9th International Workshop on Large-Scale Integration of Wind Power into Power Systems as well as on Transmission Networks for Offshore Wind Power Plants, Québec City, Québec, Canada, October 18- 19, Paper No. w151. Langen:Energynautics GmbH. PNNL-SA-74487.
  • Makarov Y.V., N. Zhou, P.V. Etingov, N.A. Samaan, J. Ma, R. Diao, and R.T. Guttromson. 2010. "Analyzing of Balancing Authorities Cooperation Methods with High Variable Generation Penetration." In Proceedings of the 9th International Workshop on Large-Scale Integration of Wind Power into Power Systems as well as on Transmission Networks for Offshore Wind Power Plants, Québec City, Québec, Canada, October 18- 19, Paper No. 036. Langen:Energynautics GmbH. PNNL-SA-74593.
  • Makarov Y.V., P.V. Etingov, N. Zhou, J. Ma, N.A. Samaan, R. Diao, and S.V. Malhara, et al. 2010. Analysis Methodology for Balancing Authority Cooperation in High Penetration of Variable Generation. PNNL-19229. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Analysis Methodology for Balancing Authority Cooperation in High Penetration of Variable Generation
  • Muljadi E., N.A. Samaan, V. Gevorgian, J. Li, and S. Pasupulati. 2010. "Different Factors Affecting Short Circuit Behavior of a Wind Power Plant." In 2010 IEEE Industry Applications Society Annual Meeting, October 2010, Houston, Texas. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-70513. doi:10.1109/IAS.2010.5616819
  • Muljadi E., N.A. Samaan, V. Gevorgian, J. Li, and S. Pasupulati. 2010. "Short Circuit Current Contribution for Different Wind Turbine Generator Types." In 2010 IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-70076.

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