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Karan Kalsi

Karan Kalsi

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352

Biography

Dr. Kalsi is currently a power systems research engineer at the Pacific Northwest National Lab, Richland, WA, USA. He is the lead investigator on Department of Energy funded research to develop efficient, reliable and secure control strategies for Smart Grid assets. He is the principle investigator on the topic of developing future power grid control paradigms as part of the laboratory’s Future Power Grid Initiative. He is the Co-principle investigator on EED SEED project related to modeling and controls for distributed energy resources in microgrids. Karanjit is also actively involved with IEEE including being the 2011 Chair of the IEEE Richland Section Graduates of the Last Decade (GOLD) Affinity Group and was recently elected as the 2012 Vice-chair of Technical Activities and Outreach of the IEEE Richland Section Power and Energy Society.

Research Interests

  • Power system stability and control
  • Power system dynamic modeling and analysis
  • Integration and control of distributed energy resources Power system market optimization problems

Education and Credentials

  • PhD, Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue, University, August 2010
  • M.Eng, Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom, June 2006

PNNL Patents

PNNL Publications

2018

  • Kundu S., J. Hansen, J. Lian, and K. Kalsi. 2018. "Assessment of Optimal Flexibility in Ensemble of Frequency Responsive Loads." In IEEE International Conference on Smart Grid Communications, October 23-27, 2017, Dresden, Germany, 399-404. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-126289. doi:10.1109/SmartGridComm.2017.8340742
  • Lian J., Y. Sun, K. Kalsi, S.E. Widergren, D. Wu, and H. Ren. 2018. Transactive System: Part II: Analysis of Two Pilot Transactive Systems using Foundational Theory and Metrics. PNNL-27235 Part 2. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

2017

  • Hao H., C.D. Corbin, K. Kalsi, and R.G. Pratt. 2017. "Transactive Control of Commercial Buildings for Demand Response." IEEE Transactions on Power Systems 32, no. 1:774-783. PNNL-SA-114721. doi:10.1109/TPWRS.2016.2559485
  • Lian J., D. Wu, K. Kalsi, and H. Chen. 2017. "Theoretical Framework for Integrating Distributed Energy Resources into Distribution Systems." In IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting, July 16-20, 2017, Chicago, Illinois, 1-5. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-122233. doi:10.1109/PESGM.2017.8274331
  • Widergren S.E., D.J. Hammerstrom, Q. Huang, K. Kalsi, J. Lian, A. Makhmalbaf, and T.E. McDermott, et al. 2017. Transactive Systems Simulation and Valuation Platform Trial Analysis. PNNL-26409. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Wu J., T. Yang, D. Wu, K. Kalsi, and K. Johansson. 2017. "Distributed optimal dispatch of distributed energy resources over lossy communication networks." IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid 8, no. 6:3125-3137. PNNL-SA-122001. doi:10.1109/TSG.2017.2720761

2016

  • Li S., W. Zhang, J. Lian, and K. Kalsi. 2016. "Market-Based Coordination of Thermostatically Controlled Loads-Part I: A Mechanism Design Formulation." IEEE Transactions on Power Systems 31, no. 2:1170-1178. PNNL-SA-104887. doi:10.1109/TPWRS.2015.2432057
  • Li S., W. Zhang, J. Lian, and K. Kalsi. 2016. "Market-Based Coordination of Thermostatically Controlled Loads-Part II: Unknown Parameters and Case Studies." IEEE Transactions on Power Systems 31, no. 2:1179-1187. PNNL-SA-104858. doi:10.1109/TPWRS.2015.2432060
  • Li S., W. Zhang, J. Lian, and K. Kalsi. 2016. "On Reverse Stackelberg Game and Optimal Mean Field Control for a Large Population of Thermostatically Controlled Loads." In 2016 American Control Conference, July 6-8, 2016, Boston, MA. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-109052. doi:10.1109/ACC.2016.7525463
  • Li S., W. Zhang, L. Zhao, J. Lian, and K. Kalsi. 2016. "On Social Optima of Non-Cooperative Mean Field Games." In IEEE 55th Conference on Decision and Control (CDC 2016), December 12-14, 2016, Las Vegas, Nevada, 3584-3590. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-116713. doi:10.1109/CDC.2016.7798808
  • Lian J., J. Hansen, L.D. Marinovici, and K. Kalsi. 2016. "Hierarchical Decentralized Control Strategy for Demand-Side Primary Frequency Response." In IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting (PESGM 2016), July 17-21, 2016, Boston, MA. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-114374. doi:10.1109/PESGM.2016.7741267
  • Williams T.L., K. Kalsi, M.A. Elizondo, L.D. Marinovici, and R.M. Pratt. 2016. "Control and Coordination of Frequency Responsive Residential Water Heaters." In IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting (PESGM 2016), July 17-21, 2016, Boston, Massachusetts. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-114441. doi:10.1109/PESGM.2016.7741391

2015

  • Hao H., J. Lian, K. Kalsi, and J. Stoustrup. 2015. "Distributed Flexibility Characterization and Resource Allocation Strategies for Multi-zone Commercial Buildings in the Smart Grid." In 54th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, December 15-18, 2015, Osaka, Japan, 3161-3168. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-109049. doi:10.1109/CDC.2015.7402693
  • Kalsi K., J. Hansen, J.C. Fuller, L.D. Marinovici, M.A. Elizondo, T.L. Williams, and J. Lian, et al. 2015. Loads as a Resource: Frequency Responsive Demand. PNNL-25397. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Kalsi K., T.L. Williams, L.D. Marinovici, M.A. Elizondo, and J. Lian. 2015. Loads as a Resource: Frequency Responsive Demand. PNNL-24906. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Lian J., Y. Sun, L.D. Marinovici, and K. Kalsi. 2015. "Improved Controller Design of Grid Friendly™ Appliances for Primary Frequency Response." In IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting, July 26-30, 2015, Denver, Colorado, 1-5. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-106860. doi:10.1109/PESGM.2015.7286424
  • Subbarao K., J.C. Fuller, K. Kalsi, J. Lian, and E.T. Mayhorn. 2015. Transactive Control and Coordination of Distributed Assets for Ancillary Services: Controls, Markets and Simulations. PNNL-24116. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

2014

  • Elizondo M.A., L.D. Marinovici, J. Lian, K. Kalsi, and P. Du. 2014. "Mitigation of Remedial Action Schemes by Decentralized Robust Governor Control." In IEEE PES T&D Conference and Exposition, April 14-17, 2014, Chicago Illinois, 1-5. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-90761. doi:10.1109/TDC.2014.6863364
  • Kalsi K., J. Lian, L.D. Marinovici, M.A. Elizondo, W. Zhang, and C. Moya. 2014. Loads as a Resource: Frequency Responsive Demand. PNNL-23764. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Li S., W. Zhang, J. Lian, and K. Kalsi. 2014. "On Market-Based Coordination of Thermostatically Controlled Loads With User Preference." In IEEE 53rd Conference on Decision and Control (CDC 2014), December 15-17, 2013, Los Angeles, California, 2474-2480. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-101666. doi:10.1109/CDC.2014.7039766
  • Moya C., W. Zhang, J. Lian, and K. Kalsi. 2014. "A Hierarchical Framework for Demand-Side Frequency Control." In American Control Conference (ACC 2014), June 4-6, 2014, Portland, Oregon, 52-57. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-98607. doi:10.1109/ACC.2014.6859304

2013

  • Chang C., W. Zhang, J. Lian, and K. Kalsi. 2013. "Modeling and Control of Aggregated Air Conditioning Loads Under Realistic Conditions." In IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT 2013), February 24-27, 2013, Washington DC. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-91055. doi:10.1109/ISGT.2013.6497895
  • Kalsi K., J.C. Fuller, F.K. Tuffner, J. Lian, W. Zhang, L.D. Marinovici, and A.R. Fisher, et al. 2013. Integrated Transmission and Distribution Control. PNNL-22157. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Kalsi K., W. Zhang, J. Lian, L.D. Marinovici, C. Moya, and J.E. Dagle. 2013. Distributed Smart Grid Asset Control Strategies for Providing Ancillary Services. PNNL-22875. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Marinovici L.D., J. Lian, K. Kalsi, P. Du, and M.A. Elizondo. 2013. "Distributed Hierarchical Control Architecture for Transient Dynamics Improvement in Power Systems." IEEE Transactions on Power Systems 28, no. 3:3065-3074. PNNL-SA-88935. doi:10.1109/TPWRS.2012.2236655
  • Mayhorn E.T., K. Kalsi, J. Lian, and M.A. Elizondo. 2013. "Model Predictive Control-based Optimal Coordination of Distributed Energy Resources." In 46th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS 2013), January 7-10, 2013, Wailea, Hawaii, 2237-2244. Piscataway, New Jersey:Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. PNNL-SA-88538. doi:10.1109/HICSS.2013.410
  • Mayhorn E.T., K. Kalsi, J. Lian, and M.A. Elizondo. 2013. "Model Predictive Control-based Optimal Coordination of Distributed Energy Resources." In 46th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS), January 7-10, 2013, Maui, Hawaii, edited by RH Sprague, Jr., 2237-2244. Los Alamitos, California:IEEE Computer Society. PNNL-SA-92849. doi:10.1109/HICSS.2013.410
  • Subbarao K., J.C. Fuller, K. Kalsi, A. Somani, R.G. Pratt, S.E. Widergren, and D.P. Chassin. 2013. Transactive Control and Coordination of Distributed Assets for Ancillary Services. PNNL-22942. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Zhang W., J. Lian, C. Chang, and K. Kalsi. 2013. "Aggregated Modeling and Control of Air Conditioning Loads for Demand Response." IEEE Transactions on Power Systems 28, no. 4:4655-4664. PNNL-SA-93151. doi:10.1109/TPWRS.2013.2266121

2012

  • Chassin D.P., and K. Kalsi. 2012. "Effects of Demand Response on Retail and Wholesale Power Markets." In IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, July 22-26, 2012, San Diego, California, 1-7. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-84436. doi:10.1109/PESGM.2012.6345602
  • Elbert S.T., K. Kalsi, M. Vlachopoulou, M.J. Rice, K.R. Glaesemann, and N. Zhou. 2012. "Advanced Computational Methods for Security Constrained Financial Transmission Rights: Structure and Parallelism." In 8th Power Plant and Power Systems Control Symposium, September 2-5, 2012, Toulouse, France, edited by M Fadel and S Caux, 8, 506-511. Winterthur:International Federation of Automatic Control (IFAC). PNNL-SA-84861. doi:10.3182/20120902-4-FR-2032.00089
  • Kalsi K., M.A. Elizondo, J.C. Fuller, S. Lu, and D.P. Chassin. 2012. "Development and Validation of Aggregated Models for Thermostatic Controlled Loads with Demand Response." In 45th Hawaii International Conference on System Science (HICSS 2012), January 4-7, 2012, Maui, Hawaii, 1959-1966. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-80670. doi:10.1109/HICSS.2012.212
  • Kalsi K., P. Du, and Z. Huang. 2012. "Model Calibration of Exciter and PSS Using Extended Kalman Filter." In IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, July 22-26, 2012, San Diego, California, 1-6. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-84437. doi:10.1109/PESGM.2012.6345560
  • Kalsi K., S.T. Elbert, M. Vlachopoulou, N. Zhou, and Z. Huang. 2012. "Advanced Computational Methods for Security Constrained Financial Transmission Rights." In IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, July 22-26, 2012, San Diego, California, 1-8. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-84434. doi:10.1109/PESGM.2012.6345577
  • Kalsi K., Y. Sun, Z. Huang, P. Du, R. Diao, K.K. Anderson, and Y. Li, et al. 2012. "Calibrating Multi-machine Power System Parameters with the Extended Kalman Filter." In 2011 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting, July 24-28, 2011, Detroit, Michigan. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-76407. doi:10.1109/PES.2011.6039224
  • Lian J., L.D. Marinovici, K. Kalsi, P. Du, and M.A. Elizondo. 2012. "Distributed Hierarchical Control of Multi-Area Power Systems with Improved Primary Frequency Regulation." In Proceedings of the IEEE 51st Annual Conference on Decision and Control (CDC), December 10-13, 2012, Maui, Hawaii, 444-449. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-86253. doi:10.1109/CDC.2012.6426115
  • Mayhorn E.T., K. Kalsi, M.A. Elizondo, W. Zhang, S. Lu, N.A. Samaan, and K. Butler-Purry. 2012. "Optimal Control of Distributed Energy Resources using Model Predictive Control." In Proceedigns of the IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting, July 22-26, 2012, San Diego, California. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-84396. doi:10.1109/PESGM.2012.6345596
  • Vlachopoulou M., G. Chin, J.C. Fuller, S. Lu, and K. Kalsi. 2012. "Model for Aggregated Water Heater Load Using Dynamic Bayesian Networks." In Proceedings of the 2012 International Conference on Data Mining (DMIN 2012). WORLDCOMP '12, July 16-19, 2012, Las Vegas, Nevada, edited by R Stahlbock and GM Weiss, 17-23. Athens, Georgia:CSREA Press. PNNL-SA-86275.
  • Zhang W., J. Lian, C. Chang, K. Kalsi, and Y. Sun. 2012. "Reduced-Order Modeling of Aggregated Thermostatic Loads With Demand Response." In Proceedings of the IEEE 51st Annual Conference on Decision and Control (CDC), December 10-13, 2012, Maui, Hawaii, 5592-5597. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-86238. doi:10.1109/CDC.2012.6426010
  • Zhang W., K. Kalsi, J.C. Fuller, M.A. Elizondo, and D.P. Chassin. 2012. "Aggregate Model for Heterogeneous Thermostatically Controlled Loads with Demand Response." In IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, July 22-26, 2012, San Diego, California, 1-8. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-84435. doi:10.1109/PESGM.2012.6345351

2011

  • Du P., Z. Huang, Y. Sun, R. Diao, K. Kalsi, K.K. Anderson, and Y. Li, et al. 2011. "Distributed Dynamic State Estimation with Extended Kalman Filter." In 43rd North American Power Symposium (NAPS 2011), August 4-6, 2011, Boston, Massachusetts. Piscataway, New Jersey:Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. PNNL-SA-79744. doi:10.1109/NAPS.2011.6024863
  • Kalsi K., F.S. Chassin, and D.P. Chassin. 2011. "Aggregated Modeling of Thermostatic Loads in Demand Response: A Systems and Control Perspective." In 50th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control and European Control Conference (CDC-ECC), December 12-15, 2011, Orlando, Florida, 15-20. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-78261. doi:10.1109/CDC.2011.6160448
  • Kalsi K., S. Hui, and S. Zak. 2011. "Unknown Input and Sensor Fault Estimation Using Sliding-Mode Observers." In American Control Conference (ACC 2011), June 29-July 1, 2011, San Francisco, California, 1364-1369. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-78003. doi:10.1109/ACC.2011.5990738
  • Lu S., M.A. Elizondo, N.A. Samaan, K. Kalsi, E.T. Mayhorn, R. Diao, and C. Jin, et al. 2011. "Control Strategies for Distributed Energy Resources to Maximize the Use of Wind Power in Rural Microgrids." In Proceedings of the IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, July 24-29, 2011, Detroit, Michigan. Piscataway, New Jersey:Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. PNNL-SA-76607. doi:10.1109/PES.2011.6039787
  • Sun Y., P. Du, Z. Huang, K. Kalsi, R. Diao, K.K. Anderson, and Y. Li, et al. 2011. "PMU Placement for Dynamic State Tracking of Power Systems." In 43rd North American Power Symposium (NAPS 2011), August 4-6, 2011 Boston, Massachusetts. Piscataway, New Jersey:Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. PNNL-SA-79461. doi:10.1109/NAPS.2011.6024865

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